Glossary

Across the board
A win, place and show bet on a horse.
Allowance
A race other than a claiming event for which the racing secretary drafts certain conditions.
Apprentice
A jockey who has ridden for less than a year and who receives weight allowances.
Backside
The racetrack's barn area.
Bay
A color ranging from tan to dark chestnut with black mane, tail and points.
Beyer speed rating
A measure of performance popularized by Andy Beyer of The Washington Post.
Bounce
An exceptionally poor performance on the heels of an exceptionally good one.
Broodmare:
Female horse used for breeding.
Broodmare Sire
A sire whose female offspring become producers of exceptional performers.
Bullet
Fastest workout of the day at a particular distance.
Call to the post
A special call played on a Bugle used to signal the horses to the starting gate.
Chestnut
A color ranging from light gold to deep red. Also, a small, horny growth on the inside of a horse's front legs.
Claiming race
A race in which the horses are for sale at a price specified before the race. Claims are made before the race and the new owner assumes possession immediately following the race.
Colt
An ungelded male horse 4 years old or younger.
Dam
The mother of a horse.
Distaff
A race for female horses.
Driving
Strong urging by jockey.
Early foot
Good speed at the start of a race.
Entry
Two or more horses representing the same owner or trained by the same person and running together as a single betting entity.
Filly
A female horse less than 5 years old.
Furlong
An eighth of a mile.
Gelding
A neutered male horse.
Handicapping
This is the study of factors in the past performances which determine the relative qualities and abilities of horses in a race.
Handle
Money wagered.
Inquiry
Official investigation of rule infractions.
Juvenile
Two-year-old horse.
Lasix
Diuretic medication given to horses which bleed.
Maiden
A horse that hasn't won a flat race in any country.
Mare
A female horse 5 years old or older.
Morning line
The starting odds set by thetrack handicapper.
Off Track
A track that is not fast.
Overlay
A horse whose odds are greater than its potential to win.
Paddock
Structure or area where horses are saddled and kept before going to the track.
Pari-mutuel
System of wagering where all the money is returned to the wagerers after deduction of track and state percentages.
Roan
Horse with white hairs mingled throughout its coat.
Silks
Jacket and cap worn by jockeys.
Sire
Father of a foal.
Stallion
Uncastrated male horse.
Stud
Stallion.
Turf course:
Grass covered race course.
Underlay
Horse whose odds are more promising than his potential to win.
Valet
A person who helps jockeys keep their wardrobe and equipment in order.
Weight
The assigned weight for a horse, including the jockey, equipment and lead weights if needed.
Workout
Exercise session at a predetermined distance.
Yearling
A horse that is one year old. The universal birthdate of horses is January 1.